Nothing is more important than knowing what to do in an emergency. Everyone should have a basic knowledge of first aid, but it is especially important for people working with machinery, children, seniors, and animals.
Begin by finding someone knowledgeable to host the class like a registered nurse or EMT (emergency medical technician). Contacting your local Red Cross chapter is a great way to find a potential volunteer. A basic first aid class should cover CPR, choking, cleaning and bandaging wounds, minor burn care, poisonous substance ingestion, and broken bones.
Remember to adapt your classes to meet the local community’s needs. First aid can have seasonal influences (i.e. heat exhaustion during summer versus frostbite in winter) or be targeted towards inclement weather (i.e. frequent lightning storms should address electrical shock).
Rural areas may also need to address plant life and wildlife that can create dangers to those that live nearby. The more specific your emergency training is to the potential hazards in the local area, the greater the likelihood that your participants will be able to adapt to the situation.
First Aid Kit
Provide your attendees with a list of items to make a first aid kit. If you have the funds available, you can give them mini-kits as part of the seminar. A standard first aid kit should include the following.
|Adhesive tapeAdhesive bandages in several sizesAntiseptic wipesAntibiotic creamHydrocortisone cream (1%)Extra prescription medicationsSharp scissorsDisposable instant cold packsAlcohol wipes or ethyl alcoholPlastic gloves (at least 2 pairs)Mouthpiece for administering CPRBlanket (stored nearby)||Sterile gauzeElastic bandageSoapAntiseptic solutionAcetaminophen & ibuprofenTweezersSafety pinsCalamine lotionThermometerFlashlight and extra batteriesA list of emergency phone #’s|
Teach Children to Call 911
First aid is great for parents and teens to learn, but young children need to know what to do in an emergency as well. Hold a special lecture for kids. Invite a local firefighter or police officer to come and talk to them. Teach them what an emergency is, how to call 911, and what information they need to give.
Give the children crayons and paper and help them write out their home address and phone number. Make sure they understand that calling 911 is not a game or prank, and must only be used in a real emergency.
Some helpful resources for starting a first aid class include:
Red Cross: Instructor’s Corner– Online source for tools and resources to teach lifesaving skills.
First Aid Articles– Learn about everyday first aid, emergencies, and follow picture tutorials about how to handle common crisis.